Pauls Quiz 256

Posted in general knowledge

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1. Name the two countries in the world with the most nuclear reactors.

2. Which former European Footballer of the year and FIFA World Player of the year played in a record 25 World Cup matches?

3. In a 1984 song composed by Bjorn and Benny of ABBA fame, "the world's your oyster" after one what?

4. In which city did the first self-sustaining controlled nuclear chain reaction take place?

5. What is apple brandy called in Normandy?

6. Which director with the initials W W was nominated a record 12 times for the Oscar for Best Director?

7. Plus or minus 25,000 km, what is the average distance from the Earth to the moon?

8. What kind of volcano, like the one found in Yellowstone Park, takes its name from a Latin word meaning 'cooking pot'?

9. In which film does a character played by the following actors lose their head? (Literally lose their head)
a. Pierce Brosnan
b. Gwyneth Paltrow

10. The name of which West African country stems from the Portuguese word for 'shrimp'?

ANSWERS

1. USA (104) and France (58) as of 2015

2. Lothar Matthäus Lothar Herbert Matthäus born 1961 in Erlangen, West Germany) is a German football manager and former player. After captaining West Germany to victory in the 1990 FIFA World Cup, he was named European Footballer of the Year. In 1991, he was named the first ever FIFA World Player of the Year, and remains the only German to have received the award.

3. One Night In Bangkok "One Night in Bangkok" is a song originally sung by the British actor and singer Murray Head (verses) and Swedish singer and songwriter Anders Glenmark (choruses) on the 1984 concept album for the musical Chess. Its music was composed by former ABBA members Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus and its lyrics were written by Tim Rice and Ulvaeus.

4. Chicago (The Chicago Pile-1)

5. Calvados Apple orchards and brewers are mentioned as far back as the 8th century by Charlemagne. The first known Norman distillation was carried out by "Lord" de Gouberville in 1553, and the guild for cider distillation was created about 50 years later in 1606. In the 17th century, the traditional cider farms expanded, but taxation and prohibition of cider brandies were enforced elsewhere than Brittany, Maine, and Normandy. The area called "Calvados" was created after the French Revolution, but eau de vie de cidre was already called calvados in common usage. In the 19th century, output increased with industrial distillation and the working class fashion for café-calva. When a phylloxera outbreak in the last quarter of the 19th century devastated the vineyards of France and Europe, calvados experienced a "golden age". During World War I, cider brandy was requisitioned for use in armaments due to its alcohol content

6. William Wyler William Wyler (1902 – 1981) was a German-born American film director, producer and screenwriter. Notable works included Ben-Hur (1959), The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and Mrs. Miniver (1942), all of which won Wyler Academy Awards for Best Director, as well as Best Picture in their respective years, making him the only director of three Best Picture winners. Wyler received his first Oscar nomination for directing Dodsworth in 1936, starring Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton and Mary Astor, "sparking a 20-year run of almost unbroken greatness." Film historian Ian Freer calls Wyler a "bona fide perfectionist", whose penchant for retakes and an attempt to hone every last nuance, "became the stuff of legend." His ability to direct a string of classic literary adaptations into huge box-office and critical successes made him one of "Hollywood's most bankable moviemakers" during the 1930s and 1940s and into the 60's. Other popular Wyler films include Funny Girl (1968), How to Steal a Million (1966), The Children's Hour (1961), The Big Country (1958), Roman Holiday (1953), The Heiress (1949), The Letter (1940), The Westerner (1940), Wuthering Heights (1939), Jezebel (1938), Dodsworth (1936), and Hell's Heroes (1930).

7. 384,403 km

8. Caldera A caldera is a cauldron-like volcanic feature usually formed by the collapse of land following a volcanic eruption. They are sometimes confused with volcanic craters. The word comes from Spanish caldera, and this from Latin caldaria, meaning "cooking pot". In some texts the English term cauldron is also used. The term caldera was introduced into the geological vocabulary by the German geologist Leopold von Buch when he published his memoirs of his visit in 1815, to the Canary Islands, where he first saw the Las Cañadas caldera on Tenerife, with Montaña Teide dominating the scene, and then the Caldera de Taburiente on La Palma.

9. Two answers
a. Mars Attacks
b. Seven

10. Cameroon (Camarões) Early inhabitants of the territory included the Sao civilisation around Lake Chad and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun.

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