1. What is the name of the famous hat that originated in Ecuador?
2. Which large south-east Asian country turns its flag upside down in times of war?
3. What is the well-known Malay word for "person of the forest"?
4. Which famous fictional character had a brother named Mycroft?
5. Name the two countries in the world that have a square flag. One point for each correct answer.
6. Thunder Child is a doomed Royal Navy ship in a famous novel and the title of a song on a popular 1978 album. The title of the novel and the album are the same. What is it?
7. What are 'beliebers'?
8. What is both a man's first name and the Greek root for 'cut'?
9. The name for which fruit stems from the suffering Christ endured during his crucifixion?
10. Issued in 1840, what were the names given to the first two postage stamps in the world? One point for each correct answer.
1. Panama hat A Panama hat (toquilla straw hat) is a traditional brimmed straw hat of Ecuadorian origin. Traditionally, hats were made from the plaited leaves of the Carludovica palmata plant, known locally as the toquilla palm or jipijapa palm, although it is a palm-like plant rather than a true palm. Panama hats are light-colored, lightweight, and breathable, and often worn as accessories to summer-weight suits, such as those made of linen or silk. Beginning around the turn of the 20th century, panamas began to be associated with the seaside and tropical locales. The art of weaving was added to the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists on 6 December 2012
2. The Philippines The National Flag of the Philippines is a horizontal flag bicolor with equal bands of royal blue and scarlet red, and with a white equilateral triangle at the hoist; in the center of the triangle is a golden yellow sun with eight primary rays, which represent the country's first group of provinces that started the 1896 Philippine Revolution against Spain; and at each vertex of the triangle is a five-pointed golden yellow star, each of which represent the country's 3 main regions - Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. This flag can indicate a state of war if it is displayed with the red side on top. The Philippines does not utilize a separate war flag; instead, the national flag itself is used for this purpose. To indicate a state of war, the red stripe is flown upwards. In times of peace, however, the blue area is the superior field. Historical examples of this wartime reversal in orientation are during the Revolution of 1896, World War II, and some flags carried by protesters who stormed Malacañang Palace during the 1986 People Power Revolution
3. Orangutan The name "orangutan" (also written orang-utan, orang utan, orangutang, and ourang-outang) is derived from the Malay and Indonesian words orang meaning "person" and hutan meaning "forest", thus "person of the forest". Orang Hutan was originally not used to refer to apes, but to forest-dwelling humans. The Malay words used to refer specifically to the ape are maias and mawas, but it is unclear if those words refer to just orangutans, or to all apes in general. The first attestation of the word to name the Asian ape is in Jacobus Bontius' 1631 Historiae naturalis et medicae Indiae orientalis – he described that Malaysians had informed him the ape was able to talk, but preferred not to "lest he be compelled to labour". The word appeared in several German-language descriptions of Indonesian zoology in the 17th century. The likely origin of the word comes specifically from the Banjarese variety of Malay. The word was first attested in English in 1691 in the form orang-outang, and variants with -ng instead of -n as in the Malay original are found in many languages.
4. Sherlock Holmes
5. Switzerland and The Vatican State
6. War Of The Worlds The War of the Worlds is a science fiction novel by H. G. Wells, first published in 1898. It is the first-person narrative of the adventures of an unnamed protagonist and his brother in Surrey and London as Earth is invaded by Martians. Written between 1895 and 1897, it is one of the earliest stories that detail a conflict between mankind and an extraterrestrial race. The novel is one of the most commented-on works in the science fiction canon
7. Fans of Justin Bieber
8. Tom (as in appendectomy)
9. Passion fruit The Passion fruit is so called because it is one of the many species of Passion Flower. ("Passion Flower" being the literal English translation of the Latin genus name, Passiflora). The name was given by Spanish missionaries to South America as an expository aid while trying to convert the indigenous inhabitants to Christianity. The flower of the passion fruit is the national flower of Paraguay.
10. Penny Black and Twopenny Blue