List of revolutions and rebellions since the year 0

Posted in History

This is a list of revolutions and rebellions throughout history (beginning in the year 0AD) and sorted from the oldest date first. 

18: Red Eyebrow Rebellion in China

20: Green Forest Rebellion in China

66-70: Great Jewish Revolt, the first of three Jewish-Roman wars that took place in Iudaea Province against the Roman Empire.

115-117: Kitos War, the second Jewish-Roman wars.

132-135: Bar Kokhba's revolt, the third and last Jewish-Roman wars.

184: Zhang Jiao led an unsuccessful peasant rebellion during the later Han dynasty, which later collapsed due to the destabilization.

496: Mazdak leads the Persian socialistic movement and overthrows Shahanshah Kavadh I of the Persian empire

613: Rebellion by Yang Xuangan in China was crushed by Sui Dynasty.

755-763: Rebellion by powerful Jiedushi An Lushan in Tang Dynasty, which caused heavy damage in China in terms of population and economy.

828: Failed rebellion by Kim Heon-chang against Silla

845: Rebellion by famous naval commander Jang Bogo against Silla. Rebellion was ended when Jang was assassinated.

875-884: Rebellion by salt smuggler Huang Chao against Tang Dynasty China, which later collapsed due to the destabilization caused by the rebellion.

1095: Rebellion of northern nobles against William Rufus

1296-1328: First of the Wars of Scottish Independence between Scotland and England, leading to renewed Scottish independence in 1328.

1332-1357: The second long lasting instalment of the Wars of Scottish Independence, leading again to renewed Scottish independence from England and the Treaty of Berwick.

1302: Battle of the Golden Spurs in Flanders, after which the French were ousted.

1323-1328: beginning as a series of scattered rural riots in late 1323, the Peasant revolt in Flanders escalated into a full-scale rebellion and ended with the Battle of Cassel.

1343-1345: the St. George's Night Uprising in Estonia.

1354: revolt of Cola di Rienzi.

1356-1358: a peasant revolt called Jacquerie took place in northern France, during the Hundred Years' War.

1378: Revolt of the Ciompi.

1381: the Peasants' Revolt or Great Rising of 1381 took place in England.

1420: Bohemian Hussites begin a rebellion against both Catholicism and the Holy Roman Empire. The wars that ensue are known as the Hussite Wars.

1437: the Bob?lna (B?bolna) revolt broke out in Transylvania, using military tactics inspired by the Hussites wars.

1444-1468: Skenderbeg's rebellion in Ottoman-ruled Albania

1450: Kent rebellion led by Jack Cade.

1462-1485: Rebellion of the Remences in Catalonia.

1497: Cornish Rebellion of 1497 in England.

1514: peasant's war led by Gy?rgy D?zsa in the Kingdom of Hungary.

1515: Slovenian peasant revolt

1515: Frisian-rebellion of the Arumer Black Heap, lead by Pier Gerlofs Donia.

1519-1523: the first Revolta de les Germanies in Valencia, an anti-monarchist, anti-feudal autonomist movement inspired by the Italian republics

1524-1525: Peasants' War of in the Holy Roman Empire.

1542: Dacke Feud in Sweden.

1549: Prayer Book Rebellion in Cornwall and Devon, United Kingdom.

1566-1648: Eighty Years' War; revolt of the Low Countries against Spain.

1573: Croatian and Slovenian peasant revolt.

1594-1603: The Nine Years War or Tyrone's Rebellion in Ulster, Ireland against British rule in Ireland

1596: Club War uprising in Finland.

1642-1653: the English Revolution commence as a civil war between Parliament and King and culminates in the execution of Charles I and the establishment of a republican Commonwealth succeeded several years later by the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell..

1648: Khmelnytsky_Uprising of Cossacks in Ukraine against Polish nobility in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

1688: The Glorious Revolution overthrow in England of King James II and establishment of a Whig-dominated Protestant constitutional monarchy.

1693: the second Revolta de les Germanies in Valencia, prompted by feudal taxation.

1768: Rebellion of 1768 by Creole and German settlers objecting to the turnover of the Louisiana Territory from New France to New Spain

1774-1783: the American Revolution establishes independence of the thirteen North American colonies from Great Britain, creating the republic of the United States of America. A war of independence in that it created one nation from another, it was also a revolution in that it overthrew an existing societal and governmental order: the Colonial government in the Colonies. The American Revolution heavily influenced the French Revolution that followed it and lead to the creation of a Constitutional form of government (see U.S. Constitution).

1780-1782: Jos? Gabriel Condorcanqui, known as T?pac Amaru II, raises an indigenous peasant army in revolt against Spanish control of Peru.

1789: regarded as one of the most influential of all socio-political revolutions, the French Revolution is associated with the rise of the bourgeoisie and the downfall of the aristocracy.

1798: the Irish Rebellion of 1798 failed to overthrow British rule in Ireland.

1803: The rebellion of Robert Emmett in Dublin, Ireland against British rule

1804: the successful slave rebellion led by Toussaint Louverture establishes Haiti as the first free, black republic.

1810-1821: the Mexican War of Independence, a revolution against Spanish colonialism

1810: the Viceroy of the R?o de la Plata is deposed by local officers in Argentina

1810-1840: the dictatorship of Jos? Gaspar Rodr?guez de Francia in Paraguay is dubbed the "autonomous revolution" by Paraguay specialist Richard Alan White.[1] Influenced by the Jacobins of the French Revolution and the meritocratic theory of socialism propounded by Henri de Saint-Simon, Francia led his country on an isolationist path, emphasizing self-sufficiency and breaking the power of the traditional colonial elite with harsh, autocratic repression. Paraguay remained one of South America's most advanced countries until the War of the Triple Alliance.

1817: The Pernambucan Revolution, a republican separatist movement which resulted in the creation of the short-lived Republic of Pernambuco (March 7, 1817 - May 20, 1817).

1817: The Pentrich Revolution, Derbyshire; an ill-fated attempt to overthrow the Government, unknowingly it was instigated by William Oliver, aka Oliver the Spy. Three men were executed in Nov 1817 & 14 men were transported to NSW. The event is known as 'England's Last Revolution' (June 9th-10th 1817).

1820-1824: revolutionary war of independence in Peru led by Jos? de San Mart?n

1821-1829: Greek War of Independence

1822-1823: republican revolution in Mexico overthrows Emperor Agust?n de Iturbide

1827-1828: failed conservative rebellion in Mexico led by Nicol?s Bravo

1830: July Revolution - the French Revolution of 1830 was a revolt by the middle class against Bourbon King Charles X which forced him out of office and replaced him with the Orleanist King Louis-Philippe (the "July Monarchy").

1830: the Belgian Revolution was a conflict in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands that began with a riot in Brussels in August 1830 and eventually led to the establishment of an independent, Catholic and neutral Belgium

1832-1843: Abdelkader's rebellion in French-occupied Algeria

1835-1836: Texas secedes from Mexico in the Texas Revolution

1835-1845: War of Tatters, Separatists gauchos revolucionaries declared the independence of the Rio Grande do Sul from Brazil.

1837-1838: Rebellions of 1837 - failed republican revolutions against British rule in Canada.

1848: the Revolutions of 1848 are a wave of failed liberal and republican revolutions that swept Europe.

1848: rebellion in British-ruled Ceylon

1851: Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty and Manchu domination.

1854-1855: Revolution of Ayutla in Mexico

1858-1861: War of the Reform in Mexico

1861-1865: American Civil War in the United States, between the United States and the Confederate States of America, which was formed out of eleven southern states.

1865: Morant Bay rebellion

1866-1868: Meiji Restoration and modernization revolution in Japan. Samurai uprising leads to overthrow of shogunate and establishment of "modern" parliamentary, Western-style system.

1868: the Glorious Revolution in Spain deposes Queen Isabella II

1868: in the Grito de Lares, rebels proclaim the independence of Puerto Rico from Spain.

1869 - 1870: Red River Rebellion, the events surrounding the actions of a provisional government established by M?tis leader Louis Riel at the Red River Settlement, Manitoba, Canada.

1871: Paris Commune

1871-1872: Porfirio D?az rebels against President Benito Ju?rez of Mexico

1871: liberal revolution in Guatemala

1875: Deccan Riots

1876: a second rebellion by Porfirio D?az against President Sebasti?n Lerdo de Tejada of Mexico

1876: the April uprising, a revolt by the Bulgarian population against Ottoman rule.

1882: Urabi Revolt: an uprising in Egypt on June 11, 1882 against the Khedive and European influence in the country. It was led by and named after Colonel Ahmed Urabi.

1885: a peasant revolt in the Ancash region of Peru led by Pedro Pablo Atuspar?a succeeds in occupying the Callej?n de Huaylas for several months

1885: North-West Rebellion of M?tis in Saskatchewan

1893: a liberal revolt brings Jos? Santos Zelaya to power in Nicaragua

1895: revolution against President Andr?s Avelino C?ceres in Peru ushers in a period of stable constitutional rule

1896-1898: the Philippine Revolution, a war of independence against Spanish rule directed by the Katipunan society

1904: Liberal revolution in Paraguay

1905: failed bourgeois-liberal revolution against Tsar Nicholas II in Russia.

1905-1906: Persian\Iranian constitutional revolution

1905-1906: Maji Maji Rebellion in German east africa

1908: Young Turk Revolution, Young Turks force the autocratic ruler Abdul Hamid II to restore parliament and constitution in the Ottoman Empire.

1910: republican revolution in Portugal

1910-1911: the Sokehs Rebellion erupts in German-ruled Micronesia. Its primary leader, Somatau, is executed soon after being captured.

1911: the Xinhai Revolution overthrowes the ruling Qing Dynasty and establishment of the Republic of China.

1914: the Ten Days War was a shooting war involving irregular forces of coal miners using dynamite and rifles on one side, opposed to the Colorado National Guard, Baldwin Felts detectives, and mine guards deploying machine guns, cannon and aircraft on the other, occurring in the aftermath of the Ludlow Massacre. The Ten Days War ended when federal troops intervened.

1916-1923: Irish War of Independence, the period of nationalist rebellion, guerrilla warfare, political change and civil war which brought about the establishment of the independent nation, the Irish Free State.

1917: the February Revolution overthrows Tsar Nicholas II in Russia.

1917: October Revolution in Russia - Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia and the establishment of the Soviet Union.

1918: Christmas Uprising in Montenegro - Montenegrins (Zelena?i) rebelled against unification of Kingdom of Montenegro with Kingdom of Serbia.

1918: German Revolution Overthrow of the Kaiser by a workers' revolution; establishment of the Weimar Republic.

1918-1919: a wave of strikes and student unrest shakes Peru. These events influence two of the dominant figures of Peruvian politics in the 20th century: V?ctor Ra?l Haya de la Torre and Jos? Carlos Mari?tegui.

1918-1921: Ukrainian Revolution

1918-1922: Third Russian Revolution, a failed anarchist revolution against both Bolshevism and the White movement.

1919-1922: Turkish War of Independence commanded by Mustafa Kemal Atat?rk.

1919: German Revolution

1919: revolution in Hungary results in the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic

1921: Battle of Blair Mountain ten to fifteen thousand coal miners rebel in West Virginia, assaulting mountain-top lines of trenches established by the coal companies and local sheriff's forces in the largest armed, organized uprising in American labor history.

1921-1924: a revolution in Mongolia re-establishes the country's independence and sets out to construct a Soviet-style socialist state

1922-1923: Irish Civil War, between supporters of the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the government of the Irish Free State and more radical members of the original Irish Republican Army who opposed the treaty and the new government.

1923: Founding of Republic of Turkey by overthrowing the Ottoman Empire, introduction of Atat?rk's Reforms.

1925-1927: The Syrian Revolution, a revolt initiated by the Druze and led by Sultan al-Atrash against French Mandate.

1926: the so-called "National Revolution" in Portugal initiates a period known as the "National Dictatorship"

1926-1929: the Cristero War in Mexico, an uprising against anti-clerical government policy

1927-1933: rebellion led by Augusto C?sar Sandino against the United States presence in Nicaragua

1930: Brazilian Revolution of 1930 led by Get?lio Vargas

1932: a Constitutionalist Revolution against the provisional president Get?lio Vargas led Brazil to a short civil war.

1932: an Aprista revolt in Trujillo, Peru. After about 60 officers are executed, the army responds with the killing of at least 1,000 people. The repression includes the first aerial bombing in South American history.

1932: the Siamese coup d'?tat of 1932, sometimes called the "Promoters Revolution", ends absolute monarchy in Thailand

1933: popular revolution against Cuban dictator Gerardo Machado

1934: In October, workers including radical socialists and anarchists stage coups in the Spanish regions of Asturias and Catalonia. The immediate cause was the entrance of a right-wing Catholic party into the government of the unstable Second Spanish Republic. The Asturian uprising was put down by General Francisco Franco.

1936: the Febrerista Revolution, oligarchic Liberal Party rule in Paraguay ended by Rafael Franco.

1936: General Francisco Franco leds a coup and starts the Spanish Civil War.

1936: Spanish Revolution

1936-1939: a period of so-called "military socialism" in Bolivia follows a revolution in which celebrated war hero David Toro takes power. A constitution establishing a corporative state is promulgated in 1938, following the nationalization of Standard Oil and the passage of progressive labor laws.

1937: the "Jornadas de Mayo", a workers' revolution in Catalonia

1938-1948: The Zionist Revolution - the period of Jewish nationalist rebellion and guerrilla warfare against the British Empire in Palestine which brought about the establishment of the State of Israel. Mainly fought by the Lehi and Irgun underground organizations but periodically joined by the Jewish Agency's official Haganah militia.

1942: Sri Lankan soldiers ignite the Cocos Islands Mutiny in an unsuccessful attempt to transfer the islands to Japanese control

1944: Guatemalan Revolution overthrowes the dictator Jorge Ubico by liberal military officers.

1944: Following the liberation of Albania completed on November 29, the Communist Party of Albania under Enver Hoxha consolidates its control, moves forward with industrialization and modernization, and declares the People's Republic of Albania in January 1946.

1944: Warsaw Uprising was an armed struggle during the Second World War by the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from German occupation and Nazi rule. It started on August 1, 1944.

1945: August Revolution led by Ho Chi Minh declares the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from French rule

1945: democratic revolution in Venezuela led by R?mulo Betancourt

1947: Three months after an abortive coup, civil war breaks out in Paraguay. Led by Rafael Franco, the former head of the Febrerista (see above) government displaced in 1937, the rebellion was crushed by the government of dictator Higinio Mor?nigo. A local commander, Lt. Col. Alfredo Stroessner, seized the presidency in 1954 and ruled until 1989.

1946-1951: Telengana Rebellion a Communist led peasant revolt that took place in the Hyderabad State, India.

1947-1952: In the Albanian Subversion, the intelligence services of the United States and Britain deploy exiled fascists, Nazis, and monarchists (especially members of Balli Komb?tar and the Legaliteti) in a failed attempt to foment a counterrevolution in Communist-ruled Albania. The exiles carried out some sabotage but found little popular support. Some exiles were captured and executed, along with some ordinary Albanians suspected of assisting them.

1948: following the liberation of Korea, Marxist former guerrillas under Kim Il Sung work to rapidly industrialize the country and rid it of the last vestiges of "feudalism."

1949: the Communist-led Chinese Revolution under chairman Mao overthrows the ruling Nationalist Party and establishes the People's Republic of China.

1954-1962: Algerian War of Independence - revolutionary war of independence against French colonialism

1952: a liberal revolution in Bolivia led by V?ctor Paz Estenssoro and the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement (MNR) initiates a period of multiparty democracy lasting until a 1964 military coup.

1952: Rosewater Revolution in Lebanon

1955-1970: The Union of the Peoples of Cameroon (UPC) engages in a guerrilla struggle against French colonialism in the French Cameroons. In 1955 the UPC was for all practical purposes banned, and in 1960 Cameroon achieved independence under the conservative government of President Ahmadou Ahidjo. After the gradual assassinations of many of its top leaders and the proclamation of a one-party state in 1966, the last significant remnants of the insurgency were extinguished in 1970. The UPC, unlike many other guerrilla organizations throughout Africa, never achieved state power.

1956-1962: Border Campaign led by the Irish Republican Army against the British, along the border of the independent Republic of Ireland and British Northern Ireland.

1958: popular revolt in Venezuela against military dictator Marcos P?rez Jim?nez culminates in a civic-military coup d'?tat

1958: the Iraqi Revolution led by nationalist soldiers abolishes the British-backed monarchy, executes many of its top officials, and begins to assert the country's independence from both Cold War power blocs.

1959: Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro removes the government of General Fulgencio Batista. By 1962 Cuba had been transformed into a declared socialist republic.

1959: the Tutsi king of Rwanda is forced into exile by Hutu extremists; racial pogroms follow an assassination attempt on Hutu leader Gr?goire Kayibanda

1961-1991: Eritrean Revolution led by Isaias Afewerki againstEthiopian Occupation.

1961-1975: Angolan Marxists and other radicals grouped in the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) begin guerrilla attacks on Portuguese infrastructure. With extensive military assistance from Cuba, the MPLA is able to outmaneuver two rival organizations and establish control of Luanda in time for independence on November 11, 1975. Civil war between the MPLA government and the anti-communist UNITA continued on-and-off until 2002, when UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi was killed.

1962-1974: The leftist African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) wages a revolutionary war of independence in Portuguese Guinea. In 1973, the independent Republic of Guinea-Bissau is proclaimed, and the next year the republic's independence is recognized by the reformist military junta in Lisbon.

1962: revolution in northern Yemen overthrows the imam and establishes the Yemen Arab Republic

1963-1967: nationalists in British-ruled Aden, with an eye on recent events in North Yemen and in Palestine, declare war on the British under the umbrella of the National Liberation Front (NLF). The UK hands over control to an independent South Yemen in November 1967. In 1969, moderate President Qahtan Muhammad al-Shaabi is edged out in favor of more radical socialists, who convoke a constituent assembly and begin to develop the state along Marxist-Leninist lines. The result is the only Communist state in the Arab world and the first in a Muslim country.

1964: following an American school's provocative decision to raise only the flag of the United States, Panamanian students march into the Panama Canal Zone with the flag of Panama. After the latter flag is torn, thousands more become involved, starting huge riots that lasted three days. About 20 people were killed and hundreds more injured.

1964: the Zanzibar Revolution overthrows the 157-year-old Arab monarchy, declares the People's Republic of Zanzibar, and begins the process of unification with Julius Nyerere's Tanganyika

1964: the October Revolution in Sudan, driven by a general strike and rioting, forces President Ibrahim Abboud to transfer executive power to a transitional civilian government and eventually resign.

1964-1975: the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO), formed in 1962, commences a guerrilla war against Portuguese colonialism. Independence is granted on June 25, 1975; however, the Mozambican Civil War complicated the political situation and frustrated FRELIMO's attempts at radical change. The war continued into the early 1990s after the government dropped Marxism as the state ideology.]

1966: Kwame Nkrumah is removed from power in Ghana by coup-de-etat.

1966-1976: Cultural Revolution, a maoist-led sociological repression in the People's Republic of China.

1966-1993: A guerrilla warfare is conducted against the repressive government of Fran?ois Tombalbaye from the Sudan-based group FROLINAT. After the killing of field commander Ibrahim Abatcha in 1968, the movement jettisoned its socialist rhetoric and split into irreconciliable factions that often fought among themselves. Tombalbaye was brought down and executed in a 1975 military coup, and in 1979 the FROLINAT factions established the Transitional Government of National Union (GUNT). This experiment lasted until 1982, when a FROLINAT splinter, led by Hiss?ne Habr?, took control of N'Djamena. Supporters of marginalized GUNT president Goukouni Oueddei held out for a few years at Bardai, but the group eventually dissolved; but a new formation, the MPS, continued the civil war and brought to power in 1990 Idriss D?by.

1966-1998: The Ulster Volunteer Force is recreated by militant Protestant British Loyalists in Northern Ireland to wage war against the Irish Republican Army, and the Roman Catholic community at large.

1967-1970: BIAFRA; The former eastern Nigeria unsuccessfully fought for a breakaway republic of Biafra.After the mainly Ibo people of the region suffered pogroms in northern Nigeria the previous year.

1968: revolution in Congo

1968: May 1968 revolt - students' and workers' revolt against the government of Charles de Gaulle in France.

1968: coup by Juan Velasco Alvarado in Peru, followed by radical social and economic reforms

1968: a failed attempt by leader Alexander Dubcek to liberalise Czechoslovakia in defiance of the Soviet-supported communist state culminates in the Prague Spring.

1969-1998: Provisional Irish Republican Army and other Republican Paramilitaries wage an armed campaign against British Security forces and Loyalist Paramilitaries in an attempt to bring about a United Ireland in what is known as The Troubles.

1969: a mass movement of workers, students, and peasants in Pakistan forces the resignation of President Mohammad Ayub Khan

1969: overthrow of the pro-Western monarchy by Arab nationalist military officers in Libya

1969: multiparty system supplanted by a military socialist government under Siad Barre in Somalia

1971: the Bangladesh Liberation War led by the Mukti Bahini establishes the independent People's Republic of Bangladesh

1972: revolution in Benin

1972: military-led revolution against the civilian government of President Philibert Tsiranana in the Malagasy Republic; a Marxist faction takes power in 1975 under Didier Ratsiraka, modeled on the North Korean juche theory developed by Kim Il Sung.

1973: Mohammad Daud overthrows the monarchy and establishes a republic in Afghanistan.

1973: worker-student demonstrations in Thailand force dictator Thanom Kittikachorn and two close associates to flee the country, beginning a short period of democratic constitutional rule

1974: revolution in Ethiopia

1974: Carnation Revolution overthrows of right-wing dictatorship in Portugal

1975: revolution in Cambodia

1975: revolution in Laos overthrows the monarchy by guerrilla forces of the Pathet Lao

1975: revolution in Cape Verde

1976: student demonstrations and election-related violence in Thailand lead police to open fire on a sit-in at Thammasat University, killing hundreds. The military seizes power the next day, ending constitutional rule.

1978: the Saur Revolution led by the Khalq faction of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan deposes and kills President Mohammad Daud.

1979: the dictatorship of Eric Gairy overthrown by the New Jewel Movement in Grenada.

1979: the popular overthrow of the Somoza dictatorship by progressive/Marxist Nicaraguan Revolution.

1979: the Iranian Revolution overthrows the U.S.-backed Shah, resulting in an Islamist cleric-led theocracy.

1979: Cambodia is liberated from the Khmer Rouge regime by the Vietnam-backed Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party

1980: Santo Rebellion in the Anglo-French condominium of New Hebrides. The primary nationalist leader, Father Walter Lini, favored Cold War nonalignment and opposed nuclear weapons in the Pacific. The French resident, Jean-Jacques Robert, who feared that an independent Vanuatu would provide inspiration to similar movements in New Caledonia and French Polynesia, collaborated with an uprising led by Jimmy Stevens' Nagriamel movement in Espiritu Santo. With logistical help and training from supporters of the Phoenix Foundation of the United States, Stevens declared independence as the State of Vemarana. The Nagriamel society had decisively lost elections to the territorial assembly in 1975 and 1979, which revealed its lack of a mass base of support. The revolt was put down by the Vanuatu Mobile Force and Papua New Guinean troops soon after independence was granted on July 30, 1980. [2]

1983: Overthrow of the ruling Conseil de Salut du peuple (CSP) by Marxist forces led by Thomas Sankara in Upper Volta, renamed Burkina Faso in the following year.

1984-1985: Pro-independence FLNKS forces in New Caledonia revolt following an election boycott and occupy the town of Thio from November 1984 to January 1985. Thio is retaken by the French after the assassination of ?loi Machoro, the security minister in the FLNKS provisional government and the primary leader of the occupation.[3]

1986: The 1986 EDSA Revolution peacefully overthrows Ferdinand Marcos after his two decade rule in the Philippines.

1987-1991: First Intifada, or the Palestinian uprising, a series of violent incidents between Palestinians and Israelis

1988: Singing Revolution, bloodless overthrow of communist states in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

1989: the violent Caracazo riots in Venezuela. In the next few years, there are two attempted coups and President Carlos Andr?s P?rez is impeached.

1989: Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 were a series of demonstrations led by students, intellectuals and labour activists in the People's Republic of China between April 15, 1989 and June 4, 1989.

1989: the bloodless Velvet Revolution overthrows the communist state in Czechoslovakia.

1989: the Romanian Revolution violently overthrows the communist state in Romania.

1990-1995: the Log Revolution in Croatia starts, triggering the Croatian War of Independence.

1991: the Kurdish uprising against Saddam Hussein in Iraqi Kurdistan.

1992: Afghan Uprising against the Taliban by United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan or Northern Alliance.

1994: 1990s Uprising in Bahrain, Shiite-led rebellion for the restoration of democracy in Bahrain

1994: The bloodless electoral victory of the Republican party in many simultaneous elections in the United States. (Republican Revolution)

1994: Zapatista Rebellion: Uprising in the Mexican state of Chiapas demanding equal rights for indigenous peoples and in opposition to growing neoliberalism in North America

1996: Islamic movement in Afghanistan led by the Taliban

1998: the election in Venezuela of socialist leader Hugo Ch?vez is called the Bolivarian Revolution.

1998: Indonesian Revolution of 1998

2000: Second Intifada a continuation of the First Intifada. The wave of violence that began in September 2000 between Palestinian Arabs and Israelis.

2000: the bloodless Bulldozer Revolution overthrows Slobodan Milo?evic's r?gime in Yugoslavia.

2001: The 2001 EDSA Revolution peacefully ousts Philippine President Joseph Estrada after the collapse of his impeachment trial.

2001: Supporters of Philippines former president Joseph Estrada violently and unsuccessfully stage a rally, so-called the EDSA Tres, in an attempt of returning him to power.

2003: Rose Revolution, the first of five Color revolutions, displaces the president of Georgia, Eduard Shevardnadze, and calls new elections.

2003: Iraqi insurgency refers to the armed resistance by diverse groups within Iraq to the US occupation of Iraq and to the establishment of a liberal democracy therein.

2004: after Viktor Yanukovych was declared the winner of a presidential election in the Ukraine, the Orange Revolution arose and installed Viktor Yushchenko as president, believing the election to have been fraudulent.

2004: failed attempt at popular color-style revolution in Azerbaijan, led by the groups Yox! and Azadlig

2005: the Cedar Revolution, triggered by the assassination of Rafik Hariri, asks for the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon.

2005: the Tulip Revolution (a.k.a. Yellow Revolution) overthrows the President of Kyrgyzstan, Askar Akayev, and set new elections.

2006: the 2006 Oaxaca protests demanding the removal of Ulises Ruiz Ortiz, the governor of Oaxaca state in Mexico.

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