List of Roman place names in the United Kingdom

Posted in History

A partial list of Roman place names in Great Britain. This list includes only names documented from Roman times. For a more complete list including later Latin names, see List of Latin place names in North Atlantic islands.

The early sources for Roman names show numerous variants and mis-spellings of the Latin names. Moreover one of the principal authorities, Ptolemy, wrote in Greek so names that he records need to be transliterated back into Latin to reveal the original form.

* Note that in general only one source is shown below for each name, although many of the names are recorded in more than one of the sources.  

Roman Country Names

Old Roman name Modern name Source
Albion Great Britain Ptolemy
Britannia Great Britain Tacitus
Cambria Wales (Cymru)  
Caledonia Scotland Tacitus
Hibernia Ireland  

City and town names

Roman name Modern name Source
Anavio Brough-on-Noe, Hope Valley, Derbyshire (See also Navio)  
Aquae Arnemetiae Buxton, Derbyshire  
Aquae Sulis Bath  
Ardotalia Gamesley, Glossop, Derbyshire  
Caeseromagus Chelmsford, Essex AI
Calcaria Tadcaster, North Yorkshire AI
Calleva Atrebatum Silchester AI
Camulodunum Colchester Ravenna
Clausentum Bitterne, Hampshire  
Condate Northwich, Cheshire AI
Corinium Dobunnorum Cirencester  
Coria Corbridge  
Danum Doncaster  
Deva Chester  
Dubris Dover AI
Durnovaria Dorchester  
Durocobrivis Dunstable  
Durocornovium Swindon  
Durolipons Cambridge  
Durolitum Romford  
Durovernum Cantiacorum Canterbury  
Eboracum York Ptolemy
Garrianonum Burgh Castle  
Glevum Colonia Gloucester  
Hortonium Halifax  
Isca Dumnoniorum Exeter AI
Isca Augusta Caerleon  
Lactodorum Towcester  
Lagentium Castleford  
Lindinis Ilchester  
Lindum Colonia Lincoln  
Londinium London Ptolemy AI
Mamucium Manchester  
Mediolanum Whitchurch, Shropshire  
Navio See Anavio  
Noviomagus Reginorum Chichester  
Noviomagus Cantiacorum Crayford
Ratae Corieltauvorum Leicester  
Segontium Caernarfon  
Venta Belgarum Winchester AI
Verulamium St Albans Tacitus
Viroconium Cornoviorum Wroxeter, Shropshire  
Vindolanda Chesterholme

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