Notable Inventions of the 13th Century

Posted in Science

Dates for inventions are often controversial. Inventions are often invented by several inventors around the same time, or may be invented in an impractical form many years before another inventor improves the invention into a practical form. Where there is ambiguity, the date of the first working version of the invention is used here.

c. 1200: Glass mirror in Europe

c. 1200: Combination lock: Al-Jazari in Iraq (Mesopotamia)

1206: Bolted joint lock

1206: Clock automaton: Al-Jazari

1206: Flow control regulator: Al-Jazari

1206: Closed-loop system: Al-Jazari

1206: Elephant clock: Al-Jazari

1206: Hand washing device: Al-Jazari

1206: Kitchen appliance: Al-Jazari

1206: Camshaft: Al-Jazari

1206: Connecting rod: Al-Jazari

1206: Segmental gear: Al-Jazari

1206: Suction pipe: Al-Jazari

1206: Suction piston pump: Al-Jazari

1206: Reciprocating piston motion: Al-Jazari

1206: Double-acting engine: Al-Jazari

1206: Humanoid robot: Al-Jazari

1206: Programmable robot: Al-Jazari

1206: Programmable analog computer: Al-Jazari

1206: Automatic gate: Al-Jazari

1206: Pointer: Al-Jazari

1206: Hydropowered water supply system: Al-Jazari

1206: Geared water supply system: Al-Jazari

1206: Laminate: Al-Jazari

1206: Mechanical template: Al-Jazari

1206: Paper model: Al-Jazari

1206: Calibration: Al-Jazari

1206: Sand casting: Al-Jazari

1206: Emery powder: Al-Jazari

1206: Crankshaft-driven chain pump: Al-Jazari

1206: Hydropowered saqiya chain pump: Al-Jazari

1206: Intermittent working: Al-Jazari

1206: Hour hand: Al-Jazari

1232: Rocket launcher in China

1235: Geared astrolabe with analog computer calendar: Abi Bakr of Isfahan

1259: Research institute: Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī

1259: Observatory institution: Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī

1260: Hand cannon in Egypt

1260: Explosive gunpowder in Egypt

1260: Explosive cannon in Egypt

1260: Handgun in Egypt

1260: Portable firearm in Egypt

1260: Cartridge in Egypt

1260: Dissolve talc in Egypt

1260: Fire protection in Egypt

1260: Fireproof clothing in Egypt

1270: Pure saltpetre: Hasan al-Rammah of Syria

1271-1273: Ballistic weapon: Alaaddin and Ismail in the Middle East

1271-1273: Ballistic war machine: Alaaddin and Ismail in the Middle East

1274: Siege cannon: Abu Yaqub Yusuf

1275: Torpedo: Hasan al-Rammah of Syria

1275: Restaurant menu in China

1277: Land mine: Lou Qianxia in China

c. 1296: Astronomical compass: Yemeni sultan al-Ashraf

1297-1298: Wooden movable type printing: Wang Zhen of China

Caravel in Al-Andalus

Crankshaft-driven screw: Arabic engineers

Crankshaft-driven screwpump: Arabic engineers

Sandpaper in China

Solid-fuel rocket in China

Condom in Italy

Buttonhole in Germany


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