Notable Inventions of the 1860s

Posted in Science

Dates for inventions are often controversial. Inventions are often invented by several inventors around the same time, or may be invented in an impractical form many years before another inventor improves the invention into a practical form. Where there is ambiguity, the date of the first working version of the invention is used here.

1860: Linoleum: Fredrick Walton

1860: Repeating rifle: Oliver F. Winchester, Christopher Spencer

1860: Self-propelled torpedo: Giovanni Luppis

1861: Ironclad USS Monitor: John Ericsson

1861: Siemens regenerative furnace: Carl Wilhelm Siemens

1862: Revolving machine gun: Richard J. Gatling

1862: Mechanical submarine: Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol

1862: Pasteurization: Louis Pasteur, Claude Bernard

1863: Player piano: Henri Fourneaux

1864: First concept typewriter: Peter Mitterhofer

1865: Compression ice machine: Thaddeus Lowe

1865: Roller Coaster: LaMarcus Adna Thompson

1865: Barbed wire: Louis Jannin

1866: Dynamite: Alfred Nobel

1868: First practical typewriter: Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soule, with assistance from James Densmore

1868: Air brake (rail): George Westinghouse

1868: Oleomargarine: Mege Mouries

1869: Vacuum cleaner: I.W. McGaffers  

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