Notable Inventions of the 9th and 10th Centuries

Posted in Science

Dates for inventions are often controversial. Inventions are often invented by several inventors around the same time, or may be invented in an impractical form many years before another inventor improves the invention into a practical form. Where there is ambiguity, the date of the first working version of the invention is used here.

700-1000: Spinning wheel in India

800-850: Quadrant: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (Algorismi)

800-850: Mural instrument: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

800-850: Sine quadrant: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

800-850: Horary quadrant: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

800-850: Alhidade: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

800-857: Under-arm deodorant: Ziryab

800-857: Beauty parlour: Ziryab

800-857: Bangs: Ziryab

800-857: Chemical depilatory: Ziryab

800-873: Valve: Banu Musa in Iraq

800-873: Float valve: Banu Musa

800-873: Feedback controller: Banu Musa

800-873: Float chamber: Banu Musa

800-873: Automatic control: Banu Musa

800-873: Automatic flute player: Banu Musa

800-873: Programmable machine: Banu Musa

800-873: Trick drinking vessels: Banu Musa

800-873: Gas mask: Banu Musa

800-873: Grab: Banu Musa

800-873: Clamshell grab: Banu Musa

800-873: Fail-safe system: Banu Musa

800-873: Mechanical musical instrument: Banu Musa

800-873: Hydropowered organ: Banu Musa

800-873: Hurricane lamp: Banu Musa

800-873: Self-feeding oil lamp: Banu Musa

800-873: Self-trimming oil lamp: Ahmad ibn Musa ibn Shakir

800-1000: Wind powered gristmills in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran

800-1000: Sugar refinery in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran

800-1000: Metal block printing in Egypt

c. 800-1000: Switch: Arabic engineers

800s: Stonepaste ceramics in Iraq

800s: Black powder in China

800s: Gunpowder in China

800s: Water turbine in the Arab Empire

800s: Universal sundial in Baghdad

800s: Universal horary dial in Baghdad

800s: Vertical-axle windmill in Afghanistan

800s: Naphtha in Azerbaijan

800s: Oil well in Azerbaijan

801-873: Pure alcohol: Al-Kindi (Alkindus)

801-1000: Municipal solid waste handling: Al-Kindi, Qusta ibn Luqa, Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi, Ibn Al-Jazzar, al-Masihi

810-887: Glass from stones: Abbas Ibn Firnas in al-Andalus

810-887: Eye glasses: Abbas Ibn Firnas

810-887: Clear colourless high-purity glass: Abbas Ibn Firnas

810-887: Metronome: Abbas Ibn Firnas

810-887: Artificial weather simulation: Abbas Ibn Firnas

813-833: Medical school: Al-Ma'mun

827: Mechanical singing bird automaton: Al-Ma'mun

836-1000: Erectile dysfunction treatment: Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi, Thabit bin Qurra (Thebit), Ibn Al-Jazzar

853-929: Observation tube: Muhammad ibn Jabir al-Harrani al-Battani (Albatenius)

852: Parachute: Abbas Ibn Firnas in al-Andalus

859: University: Princess Fatima al-Fihri

875: Hang glider: Abbas Ibn Firnas

875: Artificial wing: Abbas Ibn Firnas

875: Flight control frame: Abbas Ibn Firnas

c. 865-900: Kerosene: Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi (Rhazes) in Iraq

865-925: Hard soap: Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi

865-925: Chemotherapy: Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi

865-925: Antiseptic: Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi

900s: Banknote in China

900s: Fire lance in China

900s: Gun in China

900s: Milling factory in Baghdad

900s: Cartographic grid in Baghdad

900s: Graph paper in the Arab Empire

900s: Horizontal-axle windmill in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran

903-986: Timekeeping astrolabe: Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Azophi)

904: Fire Arrow in China

919: Double-piston flamethrower in China

984: Pound lock: Qiao Weiyo

953: Fountain pen: Al-Muizz Lideenillah of Egypt

960-1000: Restaurant in China and Arab Empire

994: Astronomical sextant: Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi in Persia

996: Geared mechanical astrolabe: Abu Rayhan al-Biruni

Almucantar quadrant: Arabic astronomers

Navigational astrolabe: Arabic astronomers

Vertical sundial: Arabic astronomers

Polar sundial: Arabic astronomers

Coffee: Khalid in Ethiopia

Shaving soap: Arabic chemists

Plumb line: Arabic engineers

Reed level: Arabic engineers

Triangulation: Arabic engineers

Geared gristmill: Arabic engineers

Shatranj in Persia

Paned window in the Arab Empire

Street lamp in the Arab Empire

Sherbet in the Arab Empire

Soft drink in the Arab Empire

Syrup in the Arab Empire

Mercury escapement mechanism in the Middle East

Bridge dam in Iran

Milling dam in Iran

Diversion dam in Iraq

Public library in the Arab Empire

Lending library in the Arab Empire

Library catalog in the Arab Empire

Firecracker in China

Snakes and ladders in India


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