Fuel and Energy Quiz 1

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1. What is the name given to a type of vehicle that uses two or more distinct power sources to propel the vehicle, such as an on-board rechargeable energy storage system and a fueled power source?

2. Which petrol/oil retail brand's logo features a white star in a red circle?

3. Before being surpassed by the Taipei 101, the Petronas Twin Towers were the tallest buildings in the world. Petronas is an oil and gas company wholly owned by the government of which country?

4. The Langeled pipeline is the world's longest underwater pipeline. It carries natural gas to the United Kingdom from which country?

5. What term was given for the measurement of quality of petrol?

6. What is the name given to a star which has expanded all fuel and exploded?

7. Until the late 19th century, what was the common household name for coal in Britain?

8. What does the acronym OPEC stand for?

9. Who first patented the design of a diesel engine, back in 1892?

10. Which Physicist famously said "The energy produced by breaking down the atom is a very poor kind of thing. Anyone who expects a source of power from the transformations of these atoms is taking moonshine"?

11. Which two countries are the only OPEC members in the Americas?

12. Which environmentally friendly source of energy did the Greeks and Romans use for their lamps?

13. What type of safe nuclear energy may in future be produced with the aid of magnetic confinement?

14. Saudi Arabia, Russia and the United States are the worlds largest producers of crude oil (in that order). Which countries come 4th, 5th and 6th (in any order)?

15. Name the top five countries that currently consume the most petroleum.

16. What was the name of the tanker which suffered a severe oil spill in Alaska in 1989?

17. What energy extraction device did Beno?t Fourneyron build for the first time in 1827?

18. The Anglo-Persian Oil Company is now better known by which name?

19. What is the common name for a non-petroleum-based vehicle fuel consisting of short chain alkyl esters, made by transesterification of vegetable oil?

20. Which company marketed the first diesel driven car? 

ANSWERS

1. Hybrid vehicle/car, such as the Toyota Prius.

2. Texaco (a reference to the lone star of Texas).

3. Malaysia (the Petronas towers have 88 floors, 451.9 m high - 1,482.6 feet high, to the top of the spire).

4. Norway.

5. Octane rating.

6. A Supanova.

7. Seacoal.

8. Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries.

9. Rudolf Diesel - who else?

10. Ernest Rutherford.

11. Venezuela and Ecuador.

12. Olive oil.

13. Fusion.

14. Iran, China and Mexico. (Followed by Canada, UAE, Venezuela, Kuwait, Norway and Nigeria. Interestingly, Iraq comes in 15th place).

15. In order, starting with the biggest consumer: United States, China, Japan, Russia and Germany.

16. Exxon Valdez.

17. Water turbine (whilst being a student under Claude Burdin, who first coined the phrase Turbine).

18. BP or British Petroleum (In 1901, William Knox D'Arcy was granted a concession by the Shah of Iran to search for oil which he found in May 1908. This was the first commercially significant find in the Middle East. In 1909, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was incorporated to exploit this. In 1935, it became the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company).

19. Biodiesel.

20. Mercedes Benz.  

 

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