1. In Norse mythology what is 'Midgard'?
2. John L Sullivan, the first official heavyweight boxing champion of the world, lost only one fight in his long career. Who defeated him?
3. Who or what was 'Unsinkable Sam'?
4. What were the first four words to the speech given by King George VI when he addressed the nation on September 3rd, 1939?
5. Who directed each of the following 'classic' films? One point for each correct answer.
a. City Lights (1931)
b. M (1931)
c. The 39 Steps (1935)
d. Great Expectations (1946)
e. Plan 9 From Outer Space (1958)
6. What does the Greek root 'oo' mean?
7. What is the largest tree borne fruit in the world which can reach up to 80 pounds in weight and 36 inches in length?
8. Over the course of history Istanbul had two other names. What were the two other names?
9. Friday takes its name from which Norse goddess?
10. Podgorica is the capital of which European country?
1. Earth Midgard (an anglicised form of Old Norse Miðgarðr; Old English Middangeard, Swedish Midgård, Old Saxon Middilgard, Old High German Mittilagart, Gothic Midjun-gards; literally "middle enclosure") is the name for the world (in the sense of oikoumene) inhabited by and known to humans in early Germanic cosmology, and specifically one of the Nine Worlds in Norse mythology. This name occurs in Old Norse literature as Miðgarðr. In Old Saxon Heliand it appears as Middilgard and in Old High German poem Muspilli it appears as Mittilagart. The Gothic form Midjungards is attested in the Gospel of Luke as a translation of a Greek word. The word is present in Old English epic and poetry as Middangeard; later transformed to Middellærd or Mittelerde ("Middle-earth") in Middle English literature.
2. "Gentleman Jim" Corbett John Lawrence Sullivan (1858 – 1918), also known as the Boston Strong Boy, was recognized as the first Heavyweight Champion of gloved boxing from February 7, 1882, to 1892, and is generally recognized as the last heavyweight champion of bare-knuckle boxing under the London Prize Ring Rules. He was the first American athlete to earn over one million dollars. Sullivan agreed to defend his title in 1892, against challenger "Gentleman Jim" Corbett. The heavyweight contest occurred under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules, but it was neither the first title fight under those rules nor was it the first title fight using boxing gloves. Corbett was younger, faster and his boxing technique enabled him to dodge Sullivan's crouch and rush style. In the 21st round Corbett landed a smashing left "audible throughout the house" that put Sullivan down for good. Sullivan was counted out and Corbett declared the new champion. When Sullivan was able to get back to his feet, he announced to the crowd, "if I had to get licked I'm glad I was licked by an American".
3. A cat ('Sam' was a ship's cat that survived the sinking of the Bismarck, HMS Cossack and HMS Ark Royal) Unsinkable Sam (also known as Oskar or Oscar) was the nickname of an alleged German ship's cat who reportedly saw service in both the Kriegsmarine and Royal Navy during the Second World War, serving on board three vessels and surviving the sinking of all three.Sam died in 1955. A pastel portrait of Sam (titled "Oscar, the Bismarck's Cat") by the artist Georgina Shaw-Baker is in the possession of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich
4. "In this grave hour" (The King's Speech - Full speech text) In September 1939, Britain and the self-governing Dominions, but not Ireland, declared war on Nazi Germany. George VI and his wife resolved to stay in London, despite German bombing raids. They officially stayed in Buckingham Palace throughout the war, although they usually spent nights at Windsor Castle. The first German raid on London, on 7 September 1940, killed about one thousand civilians, mostly in the East End. On 13 September, the King and Queen narrowly avoided death when two German bombs exploded in a courtyard at Buckingham Palace while they were there. In defiance, the Queen famously declared: "I am glad we have been bombed. It makes me feel we can look the East End in the face".
5. Five answers
a. Charlie Chaplin
b. Fritz Lang
c. Alfred Hitchcock
d. David Lean
e. Ed Wood Jr.
7. Jackfruit The jackfruit (alternately jack tree, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak; Artocarpus heterophyllus), is a species of tree in the Artocarpus genus of the mulberry family (Moraceae). It is native to parts of South and Southeast Asia, and is believed to have originated in the southwestern rain forests of India, in present-day Kerala, coastal Karnataka and Maharashtra. The jackfruit tree is well suited to tropical lowlands, and its fruit is the largest tree-borne fruit, reaching as much as 80 pounds (36 kg) in weight, 36 inches (90 cm) in length, and 20 inches (50 cm) in diameter. The jackfruit tree is widely cultivated in tropical regions of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Jackfruit is also found across Africa (e.g., in Cameroon, Uganda, Tanzania, and Mauritius), as well as throughout Brazil and in Caribbean nations such as Jamaica.
8. Constantinople and Byzantium
9. Frigg (Frigga or Frige) The name Friday comes from the Old English Frigedæg, meaning the "day of Frigg", a result of an old convention associating the Old English goddess Frigg with the Roman goddess Venus, with whom the day is associated in many different cultures. The same holds for Friatag in Old High German, Freitag in Modern German and vrijdag in Dutch.