Pauls Quiz 252

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1. Which two Brazilian footballers have won the 'Golden Shoe' at the FIFA Women's World Cup? One point for each correct answer.

2. Which animal is found on the British Pathe logo?

3. In the 18th century, some captured officers would give their word of honour that they would commit no further acts of war after their release. What was the name for this promise?

4. In which popular 2003 film does Billy Bob Thornton play the President of the United States?

5. Which 20th century war began with a pre dawn raid over the 38th parallel?

6. Which band with a militaristic name had a top 10 hit on both sides of the Atlantic with the song 'Snoopy vs The Red Baron'?

7. What is the name of the blue cactus used to make Tequila?

8. Until the end of World War I, the Kingdom of Prussia's highest military honour was the 'Pour le Merite'. What is the colourful name under which this medal is better known in English?

9. Plus or minus 10 years, in which year was the 'Penny Black', the worlds first adhesive postage stamp issued?

10. Twelve men have walked on the moon. Other than Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, name one other Apollo astronaut who set foot on the moon.

ANSWERS

1. Two answers. Marta (7 goals 2007) and Sissi (7 goals 1999)

2. A cockerel

3. Parole (from the French for 'spoken words') Parole is the provisional release of a prisoner who agrees to certain conditions prior to the completion of the maximum sentence period. Originating from the French parole ("voice", "spoken words"), the term became associated during the Middle Ages with the release of prisoners who gave their word. Alexander Maconochie, a Scottish geographer and captain in the Royal Navy, introduced the modern idea of parole when, in 1840, he was appointed superintendent of the British penal colonies in Norfolk Island, Australia. He developed a plan to prepare them for eventual return to society that involved three grades. The first two consisted of promotions earned through good behaviour, labour, and study. The third grade in the system involved conditional liberty outside of prison while obeying rules. A violation would return them to prison and starting all over again through the ranks of the three grade process.

4. Love Actually

5. The Korean War (25th June 1950 - 27th July 1953)

6. The Royal Guardsmen

7. Blue agave Agave tequilana, commonly called blue agave (agave azul) or tequila agave, is an agave plant that is an important economic product of Jalisco, Mexico, due to its role as the base ingredient of tequila, a popular distilled beverage. The high production of sugars, mostly fructose, in the core of the plant is the main characteristic that makes it suitable for the preparation of alcoholic beverages.

8. Blue Max The Pour le Mérite known informally as the Blue Max (German: Blauer Max), was the German Kingdom of Prussia's highest order of merit. It was awarded strictly as a recognition of extraordinary personal achievement, rather than as a general marker of social status or a courtesy-honour, although certain restrictions of social class and military rank were applied. The award was given as both a military (1740–1918) and civil (1740–1810, after 1842 as a separate class) honour. The award was founded in 1740 by Frederick the Great; it was intended primarily as a military honour, but was also sometimes given for civil accomplishments. New awards of the military class ceased with the end of the Prussian monarchy after World War I in November 1918. A separate civil class of the Pour le Mérite, the Pour le mérite für Wissenschaften und Künste, was created in 1842 to honour accomplishments in the arts and sciences. This version of the order was revived as an independent organization in 1923, and again in 1952, with the President of Germany replacing the King of Prussia as head of the order. This version of the honour is still active.

9. 1840 The Penny Black was the world's first adhesive postage stamp used in a public postal system. It was issued in Britain on 1 May 1840, for official use from 6 May of that year and features a profile of the Queen Victoria. All London post offices received official issues of the new stamps but other offices throughout the United Kingdom did not, continuing to accept postage payments in cash only for a period. Post offices such as those in Bath began offering the stamp unofficially after 2 May 1840. The idea of an adhesive stamp to indicate pre-payment of postage was part of Sir Rowland Hill's 1837 proposals to reform the British postal system; it was normal then for the recipient to pay postage on delivery. A companion idea, which Hill disclosed on 13 February 1837 at a government enquiry, was that of a separate sheet that folded to form an enclosure or envelope for carrying letters. At that time postage was charged by the sheet and on the distance travelled.

10. Any one of the following: Pete Conrad, Alan Bean, Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell, David Scott, James Irwin, John W Young, Charles Duke, Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt

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