Pauls Quiz 159

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1. Until even the 19th century, the coal used as fuel in Britain was called 'seacoal'. What was it called in Britain in Roman times? (Clue, if needed: black/means of transport )

2. In which films did Charlton Heston play the following historical characters ?  
    a. General Gordon  
    b. Michaelanglo  
    c. Moses  
    d. El Cid  
    e. John the Baptist  
    f. Cardinal Richelieu  
    g. Buffalo Bill Cody

3. Which country did the England football team play for the first time in Prague in 1908 ?

4. In 1776, plus or minus one inch, what was the average height of an american male ?

5. After her brother was executed for forgery in the early 19th century, Sarah Whitehead became a titch unhinged. She went to the bank where he worked every day for the next 25 years asking to see her brother. What was her nickname ?

6. During the industrial revolution, Torqueville described the sun in England as "a disc without rays". Which disease, caused by a lack of sunshine (often called the 'English disease') reached epidemic proportions amongst city dwelling children in the 19th century ?    Note: Syphillis, also called the 'English disease', does not apply here.

7. Which cricket regulation seems to have stemmed from a cricket match in May 1775 between Five of Hambledon and Five of Kent after "Honest Lumpy" Stevens bowled several near perfect balls without taking a wicket?

8. Which three Oscar-winning Actors have played the role of God twice ?

9. Which E.U. country has the worst recycling rate ?

10. Which three countries in the world that start with the letter I drive on the left hand side ?

ANSWERS

1. Jet or gagate     
    Lord Byron described the London skyline as "a wilderness of steeples peeping on tiptoe through their sea coal canopy" Jet is a geological material not considered a true mineral, but rather a mineraloid derived from decaying wood under extreme pressure, and thus organic. The English word-name "jet" derives from the French word for the same material: jaiet. Jet is either black or dark brown, but may contain pyrite inclusions, which are of brassy color and metallic lustre. The adjective jet-black is better-known perhaps than the substance from which the descriptive phrase derives. Mineral coal came to be referred to as "seacoal," probably because it came to many places in eastern England, including London, by sea. This is accepted as the more likely explanation for the name than that it was found on beaches, having fallen from the exposed coal seams above or washed out of underwater coal seam outcrops. These easily accessible sources had largely become exhausted (or could not meet the growing demand) by the 13th century, when underground mining from shafts or adits was developed.

2. Seven Answers:
    a. Khartoum  
    b. The agony and the ecstasy  
    c. The 10 commandments  
    d. El Cid  
    e. The greatest story ever told  
    f. The 3 musketeers  
    g. Pony express

3. Bohemia FC Bohemians Praha (currently named as Bohemians 1905) is a Prague-based football club with over a hundred years of history. It is one of the most popular clubs in the Czech Republic. It's most successful era came in the early 1980s when the club won the Czechoslovakian League Championship and advanced to the semifinals of the UEFA Cup (both in 1983).

4. Five feet, Eight inches (1.73 metres)

5. The old lady of threadneedle street. Also later the nickname for the bank itself, The Bank of England The Bank of England's headquarters has been located in London's main financial district, the City of London, on Threadneedle Street, since 1734. It is sometimes known as The Old Lady of Threadneedle Street or just The Old Lady. Sarah Whitehead had a brother called Philip, a disgruntled former employee of the bank, who was found guilty of forgery in 1811, and executed for his crime. Poor Sarah was so shocked she became 'unhinged' and every day for the next 25 years she went to the Bank and asked to see her brother. When she died she was buried in the old churchyard that later became the Bank's garden, and her ghost has been seen on many occasions in the past.

6. Rickets Rickets is a softening of the bones in children potentially leading to fractures and deformity. Rickets is among the most frequent childhood diseases in many developing countries. The predominant cause is a vitamin D deficiency, but lack of adequate calcium in the diet may also lead to rickets. Although it can occur in adults, the majority of cases occur in children suffering from severe malnutrition, usually resulting from famine or starvation during the early stages of childhood. Osteomalacia is the term used to describe a similar condition occurring in adults, generally due to a deficiency of vitamin D. The origin of the word "rickets" is unknown. The Greek derived word "rachitis" (meaning "inflammation of the spine") was later adopted as the scientific term for rickets, due chiefly to the words' similarity in sound. Those at higher risk for developing rickets include: Breast-fed infants whose mothers are not exposed to sunlight, Breast-fed infants who are not exposed to sunlight and Individuals not consuming fortified milk, such as those who are lactose intolerant.

7. The third stump. Originally there were only two Edward "Lumpy" Stevens (1735 - 1819) was an English cricketer, generally regarded as the first great bowler in the game's history. In a single wicket match on 22-23 May 1775, Lumpy beat the great Hambledon batsman John Small three times with the ball going through the two stump wicket of the day. As a result of his protests, the patrons agreed that a third stump should be added.

8  Morgan Freeman , George Burns and Charlton Heston.

9. United Kingdom

10. Three Answers:
    India  
    Indonesia  
    Ireland

 

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