Pauls Quiz 266

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1. What is the iron containing protein called that gives blood its colour?

2. Which fish is the most widely eaten by humans?

3. The title of which (1981) film and Oscar winner for best picture was inspired by a line in a William Blake poem and a phrase from the Bible?

4. Since the Open era in tennis (1968), male players from which three countries have won the most Grand Slam singles titles? One point for each correct answer.

5. Who was de Facto Queen of England for just nine days between the 10th of July and the 19th July 1553?

6. What is the scientific antonym for nocturnal? (seven letters)

7. The name of which popular European appetizer or snack, which can be served in countless different variations, translated means "lid" or "cover"?

8. Which J. J. was the first black heavyweight boxing champion of the world in 1908?

9. True or False: the Latin word for sickness caused by excessive drinking and or eating is 'Crapula'.

10. Who wrote the book, The Day of the Jackal, which features an international assassin hired to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle?

ANSWERS

1. Hemoglobin Hemoglobin; also spelled haemoglobin and abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates. Hemoglobin in the blood carries oxygen from the respiratory organs (lungs or gills) to the rest of the body (i.e. the tissues). There it releases the oxygen to permit aerobic respiration to provide energy to power the functions of the organism in the process called metabolism.

2. Herring Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae. They often move in large schools around fishing banks and near the coast. The most abundant and commercially important species belong to the genus Clupea, found particularly in shallow, temperate waters of the North Pacific and the North Atlantic oceans, including the Baltic Sea, as well as off the west coast of South America. Three species of Clupea are recognised, and provide about 90% of all herrings captured in fisheries. Most abundant of all is the Atlantic herring, providing over half of all herring capture. Fishes called herring are also found in India, in the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal. Herring played a pivotal role in the history of marine fisheries in Europe, and early in the twentieth century their study was fundamental to the evolution of fisheries science. These oily fish also have a long history as an important food fish, and are often salted, smoked, or pickled.

3. Chariots of Fire

4. Three answers. USA (51), Sweden (25) and Australia (20) (as of July, 2011)

5. Lady Jane Grey, before being succeeded by Mary I Lady Jane Grey (1536/1537 – 1554), also known as Lady Jane Dudley or The Nine Day Queen, was an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England from 10 July until 19 July 1553. The great-granddaughter of Henry VII through his younger daughter Mary, Jane was a first cousin once removed of Edward VI. In May 1553, she was married to Lord Guildford Dudley, a younger son of Edward's chief minister, John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. When the 15-year-old king lay dying in June 1553, he nominated Jane as successor to the Crown in his will, thus subverting the claims of his half-sisters Mary and Elizabeth under the Third Succession Act. Jane was imprisoned in the Tower of London when the Privy Council decided to change sides and proclaim Mary as queen on 19 July 1553. Jane was convicted of high treason in November 1553, which carried a sentence of death, although her life was initially spared. Wyatt's rebellion of January and February 1554 against Queen Mary I's plans to marry Philip of Spain led to the execution of both Jane and her husband.

6. Diurnal Diurnality is a plant or animal behavior characterized by activity during the day and sleeping, or other inactivity, at night. The common adjective is "diurnal". Animals that are not diurnal might be nocturnal (active at night) or crepuscular (active primarily during twilight, i.e., at dusk and dawn). Many animal species are diurnal, including many mammals (including humans), insects, reptiles and birds. In some animals, especially insects, external patterns of the environment control the activity (exogenous rhythms, as opposed to patterns inherent in the habitat). Diurnality is descriptive; it refers to an observed 24-hour pattern, as opposed to ~24-hour circadian rhythms which are self-sustaining within the organism.

7. Tapas

8. Jack Johnson

9. True

10. Frederick Forsyth

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