1. The word for which popular dish; which can be an appetizer, a main course, a side dish, or a dessert; stems from the vulgar Latin for 'salty' or 'salted'? (5 letters)
2. Which of the following capital city names does NOT mean 'capital' in its local language?
a: Beijing, b: Baghdad, c: Seoul or d: Tokyo
3. Who has been awarded the 'Golden Raspberry' for worst actress a record five times?
a: Bo Derek b: Madonna c: Sharon Stone d: Demi Moore
4. Which 15th century Italian artist's name means 'little barrel'?
5. Which country takes its name from a plant that was once the source for a valuable red dye?
6. The 17th century English pilot John Blackthorne is the central character in which best selling novel?
7. Which early 1960s Liverpool band took their name from the title of a classic Western film starring John Wayne?
8. The last bare-knuckle championship fight took place July 8, 1889 in Richburg Mississippi. Plus or minus 25, how many rounds did it take the reigning champion John L. Sullivan to defeat the contender Jake Kilrane?
9. The name of which Italian pasta type, of probably Middle Eastern origin since Roman times, stems from the word meaning a knot in wood?
10. A medal for gallantry, awarded in 1943, is depicted in the upper left corner of which country's flag?
1. Salad The word "salad" comes from the French salade of the same meaning, from the Latin salata (salty), from sal (salt). In English, the word first appears as "salad" or "sallet" in the 14th century. Salt is associated with salad because vegetables were seasoned with brine or salty oil-and-vinegar dressings during Roman times. The phrase "salad days", meaning a "time of youthful inexperience" (on notion of "green"), is first recorded by Shakespeare in 1606, while the use of salad bar first appeared in American English in 1976.
2. b: Baghdad, which means "God's Gift" in Persian
3. b: Madonna The Golden Raspberry Awards, often shortened to the Razzies, is an award ceremony in recognition of the worst in film. Founded by American copywriter and publicist John J. B. Wilson in 1980, the annual Razzie Awards ceremony in Los Angeles precedes the corresponding Academy Awards ceremony by one day. The term raspberry in the name is used in its irreverent sense, as in "blowing a raspberry". The awards themselves are in the form of a "golfball-sized raspberry" which sits atop a Super 8 mm film reel, the whole of which is spray painted gold. The first Golden Raspberry Awards ceremony was held on March 31, 1981, at John J. B. Wilson's living room alcove in Los Angeles to honor the worst in film of the 1980 film season.
4. (Sandro) Botticelli Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, known as Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510), was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. He belonged to the Florentine School under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, a movement that Giorgio Vasari would characterize less than a hundred years later in his Vita of Botticellias as a "golden age". Botticelli's posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century; since then his work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting. Among Botticelli's best known works are The Birth of Venus and Primavera.
5. Brazil (Brazilwood tree) Caesalpinia echinata is a species of Brazilian timber tree in the pea family, Fabaceae. Common names include Brazilwood, Pernambuco tree (Portuguese: Pau-Brasil, Pau de Pernambuco; Tupi Ibirapitanga). This plant has a dense, orange-red heartwood that takes a high shine, and it is the premier wood used for making bows for stringed instruments. The wood also yields a red dye called brazilin, which oxidizes to brazilein. The name pau-brasil (Middle Latin lignum brasilium) was applied to other species of Caesalpinia in the medieval period, and transferred to Caesalpinia echinata in the 16th century. The name of Brazil is shortened from Terra do Brasil "land of brazilwood".
7. The Searchers
8. 75 John Lawrence Sullivan (1858–1918), also known as the Boston Strong Boy, was an Irish-American boxer recognized as the first Heavyweight Champion of gloved boxing, holding the title from February 7, 1882, to 1892. He is generally recognized as the last heavyweight champion of bare-knuckle boxing under the London Prize Ring Rules.
9. Gnocchi (pronounced: njoki), from the word nocchio
10. Malta (The George Cross) The George Cross (GC) is second in the order of wear in the United Kingdom honours system, and takes precedence over all other orders, decorations and medals, except the Victoria Cross. The GC is the highest gallantry award for civilians, as well as for members of the armed forces in actions for which purely military honours would not normally be granted.