American History Quiz 1

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History1. Juan Ponce de Le?n is famed for being the first what?

2. What is the name given to the rebellion, which took place in 1794, when settlers in the Monongahela River valley of western Pennsylvania protested against a federal tax on liquor and distilled drinks?

3. Which country refused to accept the annexation of Texas in 1845, leading to the break out of war in 1846?

4. In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which authorized the president to negotiate treaties that exchanged Indian tribal lands in the eastern states for lands west of the Mississippi River. Who was the president at the time who later became a military hero and cunning tyrant in regards to native populations?

5. The Civil War: At the beginning of 1864, who did Abraham Lincoln make the commander of all Union armies?

6. The United States rose to international power partly due to numerous military ventures abroad, including the Spanish-American War, which began when the United States blamed the sinking of which ship on Spain without any real evidence?

7. In 1920, the manufacture, sale, import and export of alcohol was prohibited by which Amendment to the United States Constitution (Clue: Known as prohibition)?

8. Japan threw the United States into the war they did not want to be part of on the seventh of which month, 1941 after they attacked Pearl Harbour?

9. World War II: From a modest contribution in troops at the beginning of the campaign in Europe, by the end of the war approximately how many percent of all allied divisions in Western Europe were American? Plus or minus five percent.

10. Known for his charisma, which US President was the only Catholic to ever be President?

ANSWERS

1. The first European to set foot on Continental US soil - Florida in fact, back in 1513 - although there remains some claims that John Cabot did this in 1497.

2. The Whiskey Rebellion

3. Mexico The U.S., using regulars and large numbers of volunteers, defeated Mexico which was badly led, short on resources, and plagued by a divided command. Public sentiment in the U.S. was divided as Whigs and anti-slavery forces opposed the war. The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ceded California, New Mexico, and adjacent areas to the United States. In 1850, the issue of slavery in the new territories was settled by the Compromise of 1850 brokered by Whig Henry Clay and Democrat Stephen Douglas.

4. Andrew Jackson The Indian Removal Act resulted most notably in the forced migration of several native tribes to the West, with several thousand Indians dying en route, and the Creeks' violent opposition and eventual defeat. The Indian Removal Act also directly caused the ceding of Spanish Florida and subsequently led to the many Seminole Wars.

5. General Ulysses S. Grant

6. USS Maine (ACR-1) USS Maine (ACR-1), the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the state of Maine, was a 6682-ton second-class pre-dreadnought battleship originally designated as Armored Cruiser #1. Maine and Texas were unusual in that their armament was mounted en echelon, projected off to either side (Maine's forward turret was off to starboard and her aft turret to port; the arrangement was reversed on Texas). This severely limited their ability to fire on a broadside. Maine was the stronger of the two ships, but inferior in every way to the later Indiana-class coastal battleships and subsequent ships. The sinking of the Maine on February 15, 1898 precipitated the Spanish-American War and also popularized the phrase Remember the Maine! In subsequent years, the sinking of the Maine has been an area of great speculation.

7. The eighteenth amendment

8. December The following day, Franklin D. Roosevelt successfully urged a joint session of Congress to declare war on Japan, calling 7 December 1941 "a date which will live in infamy." Four days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 11, Nazi Germany declared war on the United States, drawing the country into a two-theater war.

9. 66%

10. John F. Kennedy The Kennedys brought a new life and vigor to the atmosphere of the White House. During his time in office, the Cold War reached its height with the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. He was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963.

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